Rules for writing sung staves
Lyrics can be entered directly within the software.
To do this, please refer to the chapters dealing with Karaoke.
Please bear in mind that problems can occur if the link between musical
and lyrics is not made properly.
Several sung staves can be included within a single
document, each staff sung by a selected performer.
Thus, if you write a piece for bass, tenor and soprano, you will have
to write three different staves. Virtual Singer allows you to define
the voice of each performer with considerable precision.
If a staff includes several notes in a chord, several
with the same voice will sing the different notes at the same time.
can be used for producing the effect of a choir.
To enter lyrics in Japanese, use the Romanji
A sung staff is characterized by its melody.
is linked to one or more notes. Some parameters of the note are
used to change the way the syllable is sung.
Virtual Singer can also sing even when no lyrics
are written under a staff: for instance in a Gospel staff (FaSoLa), a
Staff, or when the lyrics under a staff are left empty.
These modes allow you to have a sung staff without having to enter any
Keep in mind that the best results are obtained when the lyrics follow
Note pitch gives the frequency of the syllable.
Note duration gives the syllable duration.
To extend a syllable, rules of singing technique are applied in
order to extend the most stretchable phoneme of the syllable.
When splitting the words, do not forget that a syllable is stretchable
it contains at least one vowel.
- Note velocity has an effect on the power
of the sung syllable.
Effects are interpreted too, especially bend
will change the syllable frequency while it is sung.
- When a syllable is extended over several notes with
the frequency of the sung syllable will move in order to follow this
effects are also interpreted. They allow you to obtain a smooth
beginning or ending on a note.
When Virtual Singer loads a MIDI or ABC Karaoke file, it
analyzes the lyrics to find the most probable language.
words are separated from each other with spaces
syllables are separated with hyphens
- punctuation (, ; .: ? !) is entered properly
capitals are used at the beginning
of each verse and accented
characters (especially in French) are included where needed.
is important to give the correct pronunciation.
||Note: You can have several languages
within a single document (for example, a woman singing in English and a
man in French).
Depending on the language, Virtual Singer analyzes the lyrics and
the phonemes to be sung.
In the special case
of French, liaisons are computed (vocalization of the final consonant
initial vowel sound). For example, "les oiseaux" will generate "l ey Z
w ah z ow" (the birds).
Virtual Singer can make mistakes when converting written text to
You can correct its pronunciation by following the wrong syllable with
text written between square brackets which "sounds out" the right
pronunciation. This text is only shown during the editing
process and does not appear on screen. Mistakes most often occur on
words, or on words which have several pronunciations for the same
(live, read, ...).
For example, if the word "D'Ar-ta-gnan" is pronounced
the following change can be made: "D'Ar-ta[tah]-gnan[nyan]".
This method for amending the resulting phonetics is
However, it is possible to define the pronunciation
of a given syllable even more precisely, by typing the SAMPA notation
between brackets in the form [#xxxx]. (Do not forget the #
character after the opening bracket.)
For more information about the SAMPA
please consult the relevant chapter.
In addition, some lyrics mix several languages. To
change languages within
a single staff, a set of specific commands is available:
[!frnord] to switch in North French
[!frsud] to switch in South French
[!gb] to switch in U.K. English
[!us] to switch is U.S. English
[!latin] to switch in Latin
[!espa] to switch in Spanish
[!ita] to switch in Italian
[!fin] to switch in Finnish
[!jap] to switch in Japanese
[!de] to switch in German
[!oc] to switch in Occitan
in your lyrics to change language.
For example, if you write:
"D'Ar-ta-gnan on his horse."
Virtual Singer will pronounce something like "D ar / t
ay / g n a n
/ o n / h ee z / h o r s".
You can improve it by writing:
"[!frnord]D'Ar-ta-gnan [!gb]on his horse."
A spoken staff is a staff of the "Text" type. It
includes "Lyrics" but
no musical symbols. In this case, the text will be spoken, not sung.