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SAMPA notation
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Virtual Singer

SAMPA Notation

Introduction

In phonetics, there are two main systems of notation for describing how a language is pronounced: IPA and SAMPA. These two notation systems are common to all phoneticians.

With IPA (International Phonetic Alphabet), each phoneme matches a symbol. Unfortunately, the set of phonetic symbols cannot be typed on a computer keyboard.

SAMPA (Speech Assessment Methods Phonetic Alphabet) is a notation derived from IPA that can be typed on a standard computer keyboard. The ASCII character set is used in SAMPA. Up to two characters may be needed to represent a phoneme.

Virtual Singer uses the SAMPA notation.

Implementation

In song lyrics, you can replace a syllable with its SAMPA equivalent. After the syllable, enter [# (an opening square bracket, then #). This tells Virtual Singer to replace the syllable with the SAMPA characters between [# and ]. If you enter non-SAMPA symbols in the brackets, they will be ignored.

For example:

            "Another yacht" will be written in SAMPA (UK English pronunciation) "@nVD@ jQt"

You can then type: "Another[#@nVD@] yacht[#jQt]" to produce the same result.

     
    Note: If you are reluctant to use the SAMPA notation, don't forget that you can also use normal notation to replace a syllable. If a syllable is followed by text written between square brackets, without the # character, it will be replaced by that text.  This is generally sufficient, and much simpler than using SAMPA.
     
Since each language uses a given phoneme set, each language will be described below with its SAMPA character set.
For each SAMPA symbol, an example is provided.
 SAMPA notation for English
SAMPA 
Notation
Sample 
SAMPA Sample
p
pin
pIn
b
bin
bIN
t
tin
tIn
d
din
dIn
k
kin
kIn
g
give
gIv
tS
chin
tSIn
dZ
gin
dZin
f
fin
fIn
v
vim
vIm
T
thin
TIn
D
this
DIs
s
sin
sIn
z
zing
zIN
h
hit
hIt
m
mock
mQk
n
knock
nQk
N
thing
TIN
r
wrong
rQn
l
long
lQN
w
wasp
wQsp
j
yacht
jQt
I
pit
pIt
e
pet
pet
&
pat
p&t
Q
pot
pQt
V
cut
kVt
U
put
pUt
@
another
@nVD@
i
ease
iz
eI
raise
reIz
aI
rise
raIz
OI
noise
nOIz
u
lose
luz
@U
nose
n@Uz
aU
rouse
raUz
3
furs
f3z
A
stars
stAz
O
cause
kOz
i@
fears
fi@z
e@
stairs
ste@z
U@
cures
kjU@z
SAMPA notation for French
(Latin also uses this notation)
SAMPA 
Notation 
Sample 
Sample in SAMPA 
pont 
po~
b
bon
bo~
t
temps
ta~
d
dans
da~
k
quand
ka~
g
gant
ga~
f
femme
fam
v
vent
va~
s
sans
sa~
z
zone
zon
S
champ
Sa~
Z
gens
Za~
j
ion
jo~
m
mont
mo~
n
nom
no~
J
oignon
oJo~
N
camping
ka~piN
l
long
lo~
R
rond
Ro~
w
coin
kwe~
H
juin
ZHe~
i
si
si
e
ses
se
E
seize
sEz
a
patte
pat
A
pâte
pAt
O
comme
kOm
o
gros
gRo
u
doux
du
y
du
dy
2
deux
d2
9
neuf
n9f
@
justement
Zyst@ma~
e~
vin
ve~
a~
cent
va~
o~
bon
bo~
9~
brun
bR9~
SAMPA notation for Spanish
Notation SAMPA
Sample 
Sample in SAMPA 
padre
paDre
b
vino
bino
t
tomo
tomo
d
donde
donde
k
casa
kasa
g
gata
gata
tS
mucho
mutSo
jj
hielo
jjelo
f
fácil
faTil
B
cabra
kaBra
T
cinco
Tinko
D
nada
naDa
s
sala
sala
x
mujer
muxer
G
luego
lweGo
m
mismo
mismo
n
nunca
nunka
J
año
aJo
l
lejos
lexos
L
caballo
kabaLo
r
puro
puro
rr
torre
torre
j
rei
rrej
w
deuda
dewDa
i
pico
piko
e
pero
pero
a
valle
baLe
o
toro
toro
u
duro
duro
SAMPA notation for Finnish
Note: The SAMPA transcription of the Finnish language has not been completed  yet  by the IPA community. So, we had to create new SAMPA characters in order to notate Finnish language. In the future, this notation is subject to change (especially the strong plosives). These special non-standard SAMPA characters are written in blue in the array below.
 
SAMPA 
Notation 
Sample 
Sample in SAMPA
piano
pianO
P
   
b
baari
baari
t
tee
tEE
T
bitti
biTi
d
kahdeksan
kadEksan
k
kahvi
kavi
K
lakki
laKi
g
geologia
gEologia
f
filmi
filmi
v
viisi
viisi
s
soolo
soolo
z
   
h
helsinki
helsinki
m
markka
marKa
n
neljä
nelj&
N
helsingissä
helsiNgiss&
r
radio
radio
l
litra
litra
w
   
j
joo
joo
H
pöy
p2Ht&
e
yötä
yet&
&
päivää
p&iv&&
a
banaani
banaani
E
tee
tEE
i
viisi
viisi
O
soolo
sOOlO
2
öljy
2ljy
u
puu
puu
y
hyvä
hyv&
SAMPA notation for Italian
 SAMPA 
Notation
Sample 
Sample in SAMPA 
pane
 pane
pp
coppa
kOppa
b
banco
 banko
bb
gobba
gObba
t
tana
 tana
tt
zitto
tsitto
d
danno
 danno
dd
cadde
kadde
k
cane
 kane
kk
nocca
nOkka
g
ago
 ago
gg
fugga
fugga
f
fame
 fame
v
vano
 vano
s
sano
 sano
z
sbaglio
 zbaLLo
S
scendo
Sendo
tS
cena
tSena 
dZ
gita
 dZita
ts
zitto
 tsitto
dz
zona
dzOna 
m
molla
 mOlla
n
nocca
 nOkka
J
gnocco
 JOkko
N
ancora
 aNkora
l
lama
 lama
r
rete
rete 
L
gli
 Li
j
ieri
jEri 
w
uomo
wOmo 
a
rata
rata 
e
rete
rete 
E
meta
mEta 
i
mite
mite 
o
dove
dove 
O
moto
mOto 
u
muto
muto 



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