only use one instrument each. Thus, all the notes of a given staff are
played with the same instrument.
But, it is possible to relate several
instruments to a single staff.
You can decide,
for example, that on a staff playing the violin instrument, some notes
will be played with the cello.
staff (treble, bass, or C key) can be related to several instruments,
the greatest benefit is that it makes standard
drum staves possible.
notes played on different instruments, a link is made between the graphical
display of the note and the instrument. This link,
user-definable, is called a rule.
you have used a previous version of Melody or Harmony, this new feature
will not disturb you. Everything you may have learned about the normal
of staves and instruments remains
true. Previous "drum staves"
are simply called "grid drum staves" from now on, to avoid
a rule ?
number of rules can be associated with each staff. Rules
define which instrument plays which notes.
are invited to view the "Relate more than one instrument to a staff
using rules. Apply colors to notes" video tutorial
("Windows>Tutorials" menu in the program).
A rule is defined
for falling within the scope of a rule can be:
it is recommended that you give an explicit name to each rule, for
the name of the associated instrument.
for falling within its scope
used to play the notes
of note head
criteria are defined for a rule, a note will follow this rule only if all
the criteria are met.
If a note
is subject to several rules, the first rule in the list is
It is better
however not to define ambiguous rules (in this case, add another
In the above
example, we have defined that diamond head notes will be played on the
Piano instrument, and square head notes will be played on the Clavecin
is automatically written below the first note that follows this rule.
Rule sets can
be saved in independent files, and reloaded. The extension for these
is .Lex. Thus, you can define the most commonly used rule sets
apply them on demand to your staves.
How do I
edit the rules associated with a staff?
In the Staff
menu, select Edit rules, or in the staff pop-up menu, select
rules". The rule definition window opens. (Keep in mind that you are
rules for this staff only. You can have as many staves with rules as
want in the same document.)
At the top
of the window, you can see the rule set for this staff. Click on an
in the list to edit the rule.
You can move
an item up or down the list (and so alter its priority) by
(Macintosh) or right-click (PC).
The big dot to
the left of a rule name indicates whether it is currently used by any
on this staff. If you change a rule's criteria, any notes that are
to it will automatically be adapted to the new criteria when the rule
window is closed.
this the Delete and Add buttons delete or add a rule to
button deletes unused rules from the rule set.
At the bottom
is found the definition of the rule: its name, criteria, associated
and optional parameters.
The rule name
differentiates one rule from another. It is the name that will be
as a caption on the staff. The caption can be displayed once per score,
at each line break, or for every note. You can also disable it. If
the caption is displayed above the staff. Otherwise, it is displayed
can be head shape, pitch, color or velocity.
is the simplest criterion to use, whatever the
instrument related to
your rule is (drum instrument or not). If you do not want your rule to
depend on the head shape, select the "any shape" check box.
you do not want your rule to depend on the pitch, select "Any pitch".
can be used for building standard
drum staves or alternate tuning. Other
are provided in the chapter Rules: advanced
be used no matter what the instrument is. If you do not want your
rule to depend on the color of the note, select "any color". Only
a few colors are available to define a rule, to avoid confusion on the
you do not want your rule to depend on the note velocity, select
Examples of this criterion
are provided in the chapter Rules: advanced
can be any of the instruments in your score.
enable you to alter the way notes are played. You can for example add a
delay, an effect or a grace note to all notes following this rule. You
can also select the look of the notes generated when you use the "Split
staff according to rules" option in the staff contextual menu.
If you define
two rules with identical criteria, they will be displayed in red in the
rule set to help you track them.
If you define
rules that are related to note color, remember that the coloring tool
lets you color notes according to their pitch. Similarly, FaSoLa (shape
note) mode changes the note head shape according to its
If you change a rule's criteria while one or several notes are already
following it, the properties of those notes will be adapted so that
they continue to follow the new rule.
On a regular
staff playing the "Piano" instrument, we are going to add a rule so
red notes play with an "Organ" sound.
A rule applying
to red-colored notes has been defined, to output an organ sound. All
colors have no rule defined, so will be output on the regular
for this staff, i.e. piano.
Open the contextual
menu for this staff
Type in a name
for this rule (for example 'Organ notes")
red in the color pop-up menu (under the button "all colors").
"All colors" must
not be checked.
Select an instrument
(bottom-right) for these notes. If Organ does not already exist in your
instrument list, create it with "New instrument".
Do not forget
to call it "Organ" and to select an appropriate sound (for example,
Organ - Church
- Click OK.
That is all.
When you want
to insert a note to be played on the organ instead of the piano, select
the color red in the Note display tool palette (last icon).
to black to insert notes for piano again.
||Important: A default effect
be related to each instrument. In case of staves with rules, the whole
staff uses the effect processor defined in the default instrument
be edited by clicking the
icon in the staff margin).